Apple is the target of lawsuits on its 48th anniversary – Last Minute Science Technology News

Apple is the target of lawsuits on its 48th anniversary – Last Minute Science Technology News

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With its humble beginnings in a garage in California on April 1, 1976, Apple has turned into one of the most valuable and influential companies in the world with its cutting-edge designs, user-friendly interfaces and innovative products.

Founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne, the company launched the “Apple I” computer with the “vision of creating user-friendly computers” in the year it was founded. Apple became a joint stock company under the name “Apple Computer” at the beginning of 1977.

THE NUMBER OF INSTALLED ACTIVE DEVICES EXCEEDED 2.2 BILLION

The “Macintosh”, introduced by the company in 1984, revolutionized personal computers with its graphical user interface and mouse input. Released in 2001, the “iPod” transformed the music industry, paving the way for digital content consumption. Apple’s first smartphone, the “iPhone”, released in 2007, gave consumers the ability to browse the internet as if on a desktop computer.

The word “Computer” in the company’s name, meaning computer, was removed in 2007 to reflect the focus on consumer electronics. Apple released its first tablet in 2010 under the name “iPad”. Tim Cook replaced Steve Jobs as chief executive officer (CEO) in 2011. Continuing to expand its product range and global reach under Cook’s leadership, Apple later became the world’s most valuable company in terms of market value.

While developments in artificial intelligence, augmented reality and wearable technology continue, Apple, which also released its smart watches and wireless headphones, launched its “spatial computer” Apple Vision Pro, which it last introduced in 2023, in February this year.

Apple, on the other hand, has made significant progress in reducing its carbon footprint with initiatives such as switching to 100 percent renewable energy in its global operations and prioritizing recycled materials in product production.

In recent years, in the race of giant companies such as Apple, Microsoft, Amazon and Google’s parent company Alphabet, Microsoft has become the most valuable company in the world with its recent artificial intelligence breakthroughs, while Apple ranks second with a market value exceeding 2.6 trillion dollars. In its balance sheet published for the last quarter of last year, Apple reported that the number of active devices installed worldwide exceeded 2.2 billion units, reaching an all-time high in all products and geographical segments.

IT WAS THE TARGET OF ANTITRUST AND PATENT CASES

While the company’s Macintosh, iPod, iPhone and other innovative products strengthened Apple’s position in the consumer electronics field, the company also faced various legal challenges.

Antitrust concerns, privacy disputes and intellectual property disputes have made Apple a target of lawsuits. The company’s App Store policies have come under intense scrutiny from regulators and competitors, leading to legal battles and public debates over fair competition and consumer choice.

In addition to regulatory challenges, Apple has also faced patent disputes with rival technology companies, and ongoing litigation has shaped the industry’s competitive dynamics.

At the beginning of March, the EU Commission fined Apple for abusing its position in the market for the distribution of music streaming applications via the AppStore to iPhone and iPad users.

In the statement of the Commission, it was noted that Apple “imposed restrictions that prevent application developers from providing information about alternative and cheaper music subscription services”, and that this was against EU rules.

In the statement, it was stated that Apple’s behavior caused unfair trading conditions and violated EU rules, and it was concluded that the fine of 1.8 billion euros was proportional to Apple’s global revenues and was found necessary to provide deterrence. The EU has also launched an investigation into companies, including Apple, to determine whether they comply with the rules under the Digital Markets Act.

On the other hand, Apple has committed to granting the EU access to third-party mobile wallet and payment services to address competition concerns regarding its Apple Pay payment system.

Apple also announced that it will provide more flexibility to software developers, including offering apps directly on their own sites, as part of complying with the EU’s stricter laws.

HE WAS SUED ON THE REASONS OF “MONOPEL”

In the USA, the Ministry of Justice and the attorney general of 16 states filed an antitrust lawsuit against Apple, alleging that it monopolizes the smartphone markets. The department alleged that Apple used its market power to make more money from consumers, developers, content creators, artists, publishers, small businesses and merchants.

The lawsuit accuses Apple of establishing an illegal monopoly on smartphones by imposing contractual restrictions on developers and denying them critical access, while arguing that each step in Apple’s conduct strengthens the moat around its smartphone monopoly. Apple, which has struggled with various copyright and patent issues in the past, recently experienced a patent dispute that led to the suspension of sales of its smart watches.

Apple’s newest smartwatch models, Apple Watch Ultra 2 and Apple Watch Series 9, were banned from sale in the USA on the grounds that they violated the patent of medical monitoring technology company Masimo.

The company appealed the decision to the federal appeals court. Apple, which requested a stay of the decision, asked for an evaluation of whether the redesigned versions of the watches violated Masimo’s patents.

While it was reported that Apple’s sales ban could be overcome with a redesigned model, the company announced that Apple Watch Ultra 2 and Apple Watch Series 9, whose feature of measuring blood oxygen level has been removed, will continue to be sold in the USA.

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