Macron wants to “accelerate” investments and presents his plans

Macron wants to “accelerate” investments and presents his plans

Natural hydrogen for decarbonization, space cargo or electronic components for AI: Emmanuel Macron announced this Monday in Toulouse of new areas of development for France 2030, an investment plan dedicated to innovation that he wants to “accelerate”. While the controversial immigration bill arrived in the hemicycle of the National Assembly, the president played counter-programming to, according to the Élysée, project himself in the long term and the means aimed at “mastering the technologies of the future and becoming leaders of the world of tomorrow “.

Launched in October 2021, France 2030 is allocated 54 billion euros, almost half of which has been committed. More than 3,200 projects carried out by 3,500 companies, half of them SMEs, and research centers benefit from public funding of around 30% of the sums invested.

“We must continue to accelerate,” said Emmanuel Macron on an Airbus site, during a progress report two years after the launch. “If we want to win this battle of disruptive innovation, we must go even faster and stronger,” he added. He notably promised, “from the start of next year”, “very concrete” government measures in favor of “drastic simplification”, “hyper simplification” for businesses.

“Three objectives”

France 2030 is part of its economic policy which aims for “three objectives”: industrial sovereignty, full employment, decarbonization, he recalled. The plan has already made it possible to secure the production in France of one million electric cars out of the two million targeted, to develop eight biomedicines out of the 20 targeted, or even to bring about small space rocket projects and to finance research aimed at to develop a low-carbon aircraft, according to the Elysée.

Emmanuel Macron added this Monday several projects which will also be the subject of funding from France 2030. In particular nuclear fusion, a nuclear reaction similar to that which powers the heart of the sun. He wants “within two years” a level of progress “as strong in relative terms as on innovative reactors”, small modular nuclear reactors (SMR) for which eight projects benefit from funding from France 2030.

CO2 capture

In the area of ​​decarbonization, the president announced the launch of “exploration missions” of natural hydrogen reservoirs throughout the country. This “white” hydrogen, naturally present in the subsoil, is arousing growing interest in the decarbonization of industry and transport.

A first exploration permit has just been granted and other files are being examined. He also wants to map strategic minerals, essential to the decarbonization of the economy, such as lithium used for electric car batteries, nickel or cobalt.

The Head of State is also counting on the development of carbon capture and storage technologies. The objective is to decarbonize, by 2030, 10% of incompressible industrial emissions, or 8 million tonnes of CO2, through carbon capture techniques.

AI for research

In the field of health, he announced a roadmap for fundamental research through the use of algorithms and artificial intelligence (AI), and in space, the development of a cargo ship, step essential to consider one day embarking on manned flights.

And in that of AI, it is counting on companies and the scientific community to “bring out components and system architectures for the massive processing of data in artificial intelligence with the objective of energy consumption which is divided by a hundred or a thousand compared to current standards.” Emmanuel Macron, however, regretted the European agreement to regulate AI, judging that it was “not a good idea” to regulate “more than the others”.

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