Precariousness already affects 80% of new employment contracts

Precariousness already affects 80% of new employment contracts

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The B side of the evolution of employment, which has led it to touch the historical figure of 21 million employed last month, has to do with the decreasing quality of the jobs that the Spanish labor market generates. To the point that the most recent Labor and Social Security statistics show that 80% of new contracts signed last month They were either temporary, part-time or corresponded to the controversial permanent discontinuous workers (whose income comes, during part of the year, from the collection of unemployment benefits).

All of these modalities deserve to be classified, unequivocally, as “precarious” employment relationships, as shown by the members of the team of the PP deputy secretary of Economy, Juan Bravo. From Genoa they consequently invite to quarantine the large number of 1.13 million contracts signed in Marcha month also very marked this year by the Easter effect.

Of them, almost 619,000 are temporary; 124,100 correspond to the part-time category and nearly 159,000 belong to discontinuous permanent positions. The sum of all of them raises the percentage weight of precariousness over all new hires to the aforementioned 80%, a proportion that has increased since the labor reform approved in 2021 came into force, with the agreement of the Government and social agents.

It is true that following the evolution over time of this variable is extremely difficult, considering the lack of clarity of the Government (and the autonomous communities) regarding data as decisive as the exact number of discontinuous permanent employees who register in a Public Service office. of Employment, because they are inactive, and do not officially count as unemployed.

The two faces of hiring in Spain

Progress greater than 20%

Now, the estimates from elEconomista.esin which the calculations of private organizations such as Fedea or Randstad are considered, They place that count at 700,000 peopleafter growing in 2023 at an interannual rate of more than 20%.

Such marked acceleration more than compensates for the undoubted decrease that temporary hiring stricto sensu experiments in Spain, and spoils the global calculation.

All this despite the fact that last month 11.5% fewer temporary contracts were signed than a year agowhich represents the lowest number (618,595) recorded in March since the late 1990s.

However, this decrease does not prevent temporary contracts from constituting 55% of the total documents of this type that were signed last month.

Vacillations in the indefinite

It is also necessary to consider the ups and downs shown by the evolution of permanent contracts in Spain. The latter totaled 504,893 (44.94% of the total)a figure that is 18% lower than that of a year before, and which implies 1% less than in February of this year.

On the other hand, the most common type of initial contract continues to be a temporary contract.: that justified by production circumstances, which represents 41.9% of the total signed.

It exceeds 39.6% of the initial permanent contracts, although more than a third of these were discontinuous permanent contracts. If we add the conversions, permanent contracts reach 42.6% of the total contracts signed in 2023.

Beyond job creation and affiliation, the Government also published the unemployment statistics for the month in which Holy Week was celebrated this year. The registered unemployment, for its partdecreased by 33,405 people that month to 2.7 million people and, although it remains at its lowest levels in 2008, the evolution shows a certain slowdown since the middle of last year.

Consequently, does not manage to descend to the level of 2.6 million that it reached in June and July of last year. The decline from last March is also below that recorded a year ago, when the number of people looking for work recorded by Sepe decreased by 48,755 people, but is above that of 2022 (2,921 fewer unemployed), after starting Russia war in Ukraine.

The effect of the Easter celebrations, and that of the starting signal towards the inauguration of the summer holiday season, on the drop in unemployment can be seen if we look at the seasonally adjusted scale (which corrects calendar effects). , since this marks an increase in unemployment by 11,900 people.

The decrease in unemployment was driven especially by the service sector. Specifically, unemployment was reduced in the four main sectors: in Services, by 31,294 people (1.58% less), in Industry by 2,055 (0.96% less), in Agriculture by 1,502 people (1.52% less ) and in Construction by 333 people (0.16% down).

Unemployment only increased in the group without previous employment, where 1,779 people (0.7%) signed up for SEPE.

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