Who misses work the most? Asturians, industry workers and healthcare workers lead

Who misses work the most?  Asturians, industry workers and healthcare workers lead


Absenteeism from work due to temporary disability due to common illnesses or occupational illnesses is a growing problem in Spain. Data from the last four years support the concern of Spanish companies: 4.1% of employed people declared not having worked the reference week due to illness, accident or temporary disability in 2023, when this percentage stood at 2, 4% in 2019. In the last quarter, Adecco detects an increase in the absenteeism rate to 7.2% of those employed; and 5.6% in the case of sick leave due to temporary disability… which profile leads the classification?

Both rates have been increasing even before the pandemic, demonstrating from mutual insurance data that The incidence of leave is higher among staff even though the processes last less time. With an agreed average working day of 454 hours per worker in the fourth quarter, ‘real’ job loss was 29 hours per person.

“It is evident that, if this growth in sick leave were prolonged and was related to a persistent deterioration in the general health of the population, its economic impact could become significant, both in terms of increased health spending and negative effects. on the labor offer,” explained the governor of the Bank of Spain, Pablo Hernández de Cos, in February.

The translation in terms of loss of competitiveness and production is also carried out by the Adecco ETT study center: “we can conclude that the hours not worked due to absenteeism are equivalent to 1.17 million employees did not go to work any day.”8.8% more than the previous quarter and almost 12% more in a year.

Who misses work the most?

This is a question that the human resources firm’s quarterly analysis also resolves. By autonomous communities, Asturias It is the one with the highest absenteeism rate, going from ninth place in the previous quarter to leading the classification at the end of 2023, with a rate of 8.3%. They are followed by the Basque Country, with 7.9%, and Galicia, which climbs to third place with a rate of 7.8%. In it opposite extreme, with the lowest absenteeism rates, are Andalusia, with 6.6%; La Rioja (6.70%), and Castilla-La Mancha and Madrid, both with percentages of 6.75%.

By sectors of activity, industry was confirmed as the group most affected by work absenteeism, with a rate of 7.7%, followed by services (7.3%). In contrast, the construction sector is the least affected, with a general rate of 5.8%.

Focusing on absenteeism resulting from temporary disability, industry also leads the sector classification, with a rate of 5.9%, followed by services (5.6%) and construction (5%).

By divisions of economic activity, the Health activities are those with the highest rate of absenteeism from work, with 11.2%, followed by care in residential establishments (11%); social service activities without accommodation (10.7%); services to buildings and gardening activities (10.3%); maritime transport (10.2%) and security and investigation activities (10.1%).

He ‘top ten’ It is completed, with rates already below double digits, by gambling and betting activities (9.9%); the collection, treatment and disposal of waste (9.9%); water collection, purification and distribution (9.6%) and office administrative activities (9.5%).

At the other extreme, with the lowest absenteeism rates, are film, video and program activities (3.4%); publishing (3.6%) and legal activities and accounting (3.9%).

Looking only at work absenteeism due to IT, the highest rates correspond to building and gardening services (9%); security and investigation activities (8.8%), and waste collection and treatment (8.4%), while the minor ones occur in cinematographic activities (2.1%) and editing (2.2%).

Collecting data from the Bank of Spain, The problem seems to be ‘exploding’ at the European level and is already being observed in the main economies. in France The number of workers on sick leave increased by 26% in the first half of 2023 compared to 2019, in Italy The increase in the second quarter of 2023 compared to four years before is estimated at 15% and Germany It is estimated that the increase in sick leave would have meant the loss of five additional hours per worker on average in the third quarter of 2023.



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