States must simplify bureaucratic procedures if they really want to achieve the ambitious 2030 objectives set byEuropean Union. It’s the invitation that comes from WindEuropean association that brings together the wind energy operators in the Old Continent. A message that applies to everyone, especially toItaly which – despite the favorable environmental conditions and the weight of its economy – is not among the entities that contribute most to growth.
Germany, the most virtuous
The most virtuous nation in 2023 was Germanywhich in 2023 authorized 7.5 GW of ground-based plants, 70% more than in 2022 and more than triple if the comparison is made with 2017. The Spainwith over 3 GW
authorized in 2023, with a growth of 70% compared to the previous twelve months (before 2022 it was below 1 GW/year). Among the most dynamic markets in terms of new authorizations, WindEurope also mentions France (2.2 GW, +12%) e United Kingdom (1 GW, +10%).
Italy, too much bureaucracy
As mentioned, theItaly it does not appear in the analysis that takes into consideration the top four countries for growth.
Last year there were barely any on the Peninsula 488 MW of new installations, even down by 7% compared to 2022. A notable gap with what should be the power created each year (over 2 GW) to reach the target set by the Pniec (the National Energy and Climate Plan which implements the principles of European Green Deal) to 2030.
The topic has been raised on several occasions by operators in the sector, in particular byAnev (National Wind Energy Association), which highlighted the importance of removing the obstacles still present today both with regard to the role of local superintendencies in the authorization process and with regards to the legislation on the places in which it is permitted to install the systems .
Me too’Eurispes raised the issue, pointing out that “despite Italy being the country with the greatest renewable energy production potential in Europe after the France, there are a multiplicity of bureaucratic impediments and legislative constraints that severely limit the achievement of our full potential”. The complaint is contained in the latest report of the research institute on the energy balance which highlights “the difficulties linked to the construction of new works, too often blocked by small, but incisive, interest groups and by a policy that is more attentive to feelings of public opinion instead of focusing on medium-long term strategic planning”.
The challenges for Europe
Even if with different accents, the issue concerns the entire Old Continent. A turning point is needed, that’s the message that comes from WindEurope and the the new EU rules they give rise to hope. The reference is above all to the emergency regulation on authorizations for Fer plants, recently extended with a provision released in EU Journal in mid-January and the rules agreed under the Directive Red 3 on renewables. In particular, the latter establishes the maximum duration of authorization procedures at twelve months, in the so-called “acceleration areas” for renewable sources, those where the plants should not have significant environmental impacts.